While I make every effort to ride year-round, the reality is that not only do I live in Ohio - I live in the "Snow Belt". Some "hard core" riders scoff at the idea of storing your bike, but reality is that at the very least you will be riding her less. This is especially important if you have more then one bike.
One of the worst things you can do to your motorcycle - especially the engine - is to simply leave it sitting there. Rust starts to form everywhere, rubber seals and o-rings dry out and harden, and your gas degrades (especially if you have any Ethanol in it).
If you simply push your bike into the corner of your garage and walk away for a few months - don't be surprised if it won't run in the spring. If you want it to fire up and run first thing when you want it - you need to take care of it and properly winterize it.
The following is a general list of items that you should consider as you prepare your bike for storage. Of course, all bikes are different and many have unique needs. Check your manual or with a service tech for advice as to your bike's specific needs.
The "stuff" you'll need. You will need, cleaning cloths, spark plug wrench, a trickle battery charger, four or five quarts of high quality oil, new oil filter, oil can or device to get oil in the cylinders, chain lube (if you have a chain drive), fuel stabilizer, spray can of WD40, a breathable motorcycle cover, kitchen plastic wrap, rubber bands, vinyl or plastic gloves, items to clean and wax your bike. Lastly a nice location for the bike to spend the winter, a heated secure garage would be ideal. Avoid wind, dripping water, vermin, mildew, and chemical fumes.
A gentle wash detergent and water will suffice. By removing road grime and insects you will protect the finish of the bike. Avoid spraying water directly into the opening of the muffler. If baffles get wet and are not dried prior storage, internal rust could result. Likewise avoid moisture in the air cleaner housing. If the housing becomes saturated, it could act as a choke, making your bike difficult to start. Use a blow dryer, leaf blower, or a commercial motorcycle blower to dry and then detail with a good chamois. Clean and polish all aluminum and stainless surfaces with the appropriate metal polish. Finally finish up with a coat of good wax polish on all painted and chrome surfaces. Clean the chain (if you have one). Spray off all the built-up residues with WD40. Lube the chain.
Fill your tank with gas as full as it can go. This is very important. As fuel ages, more volatile components tend to change, leaving sludge and gummy substances that can affect the carburetor. Run the bike so the gas and fuel stabilizer get to the carburetor and fuel injectors. Then turn off the fuel and run it dry.
It's important to note that you DON'T want to leave any Ethanol blended gas in your tank for any extended period of time. The ethanol will absorb the moisture and develop a thick sludge within the tank.
Shut off the gas petcock and drain the gas from the carburetor bowls. Consult your manual for location of drain screws. Of course, if you have a fuel-injected bike, there isn’t anything to drain.
Oil chemistry changes over periods of extended storage. Old oil can develop acidic qualities, which can corrode engine parts.
Using a "turkey baster" put oil over the stationary tubes on the front forks. Then get onto the bike and bounce the bike up and down, while holding the front brake. This will work the front suspension and spread the oil. The oil will keep the rubber seals from drying out and protect the exposed fork tubes.
Remove spark plug wires, and carefully with a spark plug wrench remove the plugs. With your oil-squirting device, get some motor oil in the cylinders. Approximately one teaspoon of oil will work well. Tuck the plug wires away somewhere safe so they do not arc, then spin the motor with the starter for a few revolutions to get the oil spread around. Remember to keep your face away from the spark plug holes. Oil will squirt out! Clean and gap the plugs and put them back in. Replace plug wires.
Some batteries may require charging every four weeks with a “Battery Tender” type of charger. Built up sulfates on the plates can ruin a battery during cold storage and inactivity. A thin coat of Vaseline to the terminals on the battery can prevent corrosion. This small step will mean an easier spring start up and no extra cost of battery replacement.
Check its level of anti-freeze with a hygrometer. Drain, flush and replace antifreeze if necessary. We suggest this replacement be done every two years. Do not leave the antifreeze level low or empty, this could lead to rust or corrosion of the cooling system. Check all other fluid levels at this time.
Check the tire pressure. Adjust as needed and leave a reminder to check in Spring. Cleaning the chrome and aluminum parts on your bike - especially rims - with a good polish will keep them relatively clean and easier for Spring clean up. A light coating of silicone lube will give limited protection while in storage. It will need to be washed off before taking out when the weather breaks.
Lube your cables. Lube suspension and pivot points. Lube the drive shaft (if you have one). Check the air cleaner and the fuel filter. Look at brake pads. Give your bike a good once over.
Detail your leathers with a cleaner or conditioner such as Eagle One Carnuba Leather Cream or Mother's Leather Cleaner. While you have it out, this is a great time to clean up your leather riding gear as well. After the cleaner or conditioner is dry, buff with a soft cloth.
With a clean cloth, wipe good quality light machine oil over all the metal surfaces, except the disc brakes. Spray a little WD40 in the tail pipe(s). Cover your tail pipe opening and the air intake with plastic wrap and a rubber band. You can also cover drain hoses as well. This will prevent any opportunistic pests from making a cozy winter home in your bike.
Take off any removable accessories, especially electronics or temperature sensitive items. If you have a "Temp Oil Gauge" dipstick - remove it and replace it with the original. Store the "Temp Gauge" in a warm place for the winter. Extreme temperatures may affect sensitive gauges and other equipment during winter storage. Why risk it?
If your storage location is bare concrete, we suggest using a piece of plywood, MDF, or old thick carpet. This will insulate the bike from becoming damp. We also suggest storing your bike with all the weight removed from the wheels. A bike stand or some blocking works if you have a wheeled lift. A center stand and some blocking will work too. Do not store your bike near any ozone emitting devices, such as motors, freezers, furnaces or electric heaters. The gasses they create will deteriorate rubber parts.
Cover your motorcycle with a good breathable cover or a soft cotton bed sheet to keep the dust off. This does not prevent condensation from forming on your ride, but it keeps dust, etc. off the motorcycle.
DON'T run the engine for short periods of time over the storage period, this can lead to condensation due to engine and combustion byproducts in the oil. With the battery tender on there is no reason for this.
Don't simply ignore your bike and put these chores off until next Spring. As luck would have it - the cold season often means less work for independent motorcycle shops and dealer service departments as well. Many offer winter storage for your motorcycle and great specials on work done while they have it. This is a GREAT way to ensure that your bike is ready to go first thing in the spring.
If you've been considering an engine upgrade, new exhaust, or other service project - winter is the time to do it. Many shops will offer free storage and you avoid losing any riding time when the snow melts away.
It's important to ask when your bike will be available and how you go about getting it. Ohio is notorious for early thaws and bikers love to hit the road as soon as the temperatures rise. Some facilities will have restrictions as to when you can get your bike or how quickly you can get it. Ask before you leave it so you don't get a rude answer when you call in early March and want to get your bike - only to find that it won't be available before April.
On the positive side, placing your bike in storage may free space in the garage for your cage and avoid any costly "collisions" from cramped quarters.
If you do nothing else, it's critical that you do something about the gas left in your tank.
Gasoline is not formulated for long-term storage and can start to de-grade in as little as 60 days, leading to varnish and sludge deposits that clog injectors, fuel lines and carburetors, stick floats and cause poor en-gine performance, starting problems, increased maintenance expenses and decreased equipment life.
The use of Ethanol blended fuels makes this even more of an issue. Ethanol attracts moisture from the atmosphere forming an ethanol / water solution mixed within the gasoline. As this mix increases, the new solution will drops to the bottom of the tank. This is called "phase separation". This sludge not only causes your engine to run rough, it can also lead to internal damage to engine components. Ethanol also provides a significant amount of the fuel's octane - so when it separates, the remaining fuel is left without enough octane to properly operate the engine.
It is difficult to drain all of the fuel from equipment before storage, and doing so would expose the system to other problems, including the formation of rust and corrosion on the bare metal in the tank and fuel system and the drying and cracking of gaskets and seals.
The most effective solution is to fill your tank completely with quality (non-Ethanol) gas that has been treated with a stabilizer.
Thunder Roads Ohio is pleased to offer Amsoil Gasoline Stabilizer through our website - ThunderRoadsOhio.com We are an Authorized Distributor of Amsoil products and work to offer the best possible prices for our readers. You can also email us for information on becoming a preferred customer and getting wholesale rates on this and other Amsoil products for your bikes, powersport equipment, cars, trucks, etc.. Email us at ThunderRoadsOhio@gmail.com